top of page

 Introductory video 

 Click corner icon to 

 expand video to full-screen 

 or to watch on Vimeo 



Section 2 (PDF)

By Alex Vasquez, DC, ND, DO, FACN


Microbial molecules from the gut account directly and indirectly for nearly all of the clinical manifestations of fibromyalgia.


Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and other antigens absorbed from the intestine during SIBO contribute to a subclinical inflammatory state that results in pain hypersensitivity and increased cytokine release, both of which are characteristics of fibromyalgia. In animal models and in human research studies, exposure to LPS has been shown to increase the brain’s sensitivity to and perception of pain.


Immune-mediated and inflammation-mediated pathways that promote pain sensitivity and pain perception include increased production of nitric oxide with increased production of prostaglandins and cytokines, resulting in the sensitization of peripheral and/or central neurons to pain perception/transmission. In support of this concept, Lin (mentioned above) wrote, “The immune response to bacterial antigen in SIBO provides a framework for understanding the hypersensitivity in both fibromyalgia and IBS.” A 2008 paper by Othman, Agüero, and Lin17 stated, “…a recent animal study demonstrated that exposure to endotoxin [aka LPS] increased the production of prostaglandins and simultaneously decreased nitric oxide production, resulting in inflammatory hyperalgesia … These observations suggest that SIBO is a common feature in both [IBS and FM] disorders and that altered gut microbiota in SIBO may play a role in the induction of somatic or visceral hypersensitivity, with affected patients meeting the diagnostic criteria for IBS, fibromyalgia, or both disorders.”17

brc brain.png
brain inflammation photo from book.jpg

The migraine-fibromyalgia protocol excerpted from Inflammation Mastery (PDF cover, PDF contents) has been developed and published since Dr Vasquez was professor of Orthopedics and Rheumatology at Bastyr University nearly 20 years ago. Since then, the protocol has been repeatedly verified and updated, including a commissioned continuing medical education (CME) monograph published by Institute for Functional Medicine in 2008. Dr Vasquez has presented this information to international audiences of healthcare providers and has published related information in journals such as Nature Reviews Rheumatology and Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

The exact same migraine protocol is available in different formats, contexts, and under different titles, depending on whether you want 1) the entire protocol or just a smaller section, 2) migraine with fibromyalgia or just migraine alone, and 3) paper book or digital ebook:

  1. Inflammation Mastery 4th Edition: This is the complete protocol and context at 1,200 pages; also published separately as two volumes titled Textbook of Clinical Nutrition and Functional Medicine with Chapter 5 published as volume 2

  2. Pain Revolution in full-color, includes the protocols for migraine and fibromyalgia, since these conditions commonly occur together; available as paper book and digital ebook

  3. Brain Inflammation printed in discounted grayscale, ie, black and white; available as paper book and digital ebook

  4. Migraine and Headache Revolution: Digital ebook exclusively focused on migraine

pain revolution photo iphone.jpg

Inflammation Mastery 4th Edition (PDF cover, PDF contents) is the "master textbook" that details the functional inflammology protocol, described below. The full-color paper book is available for international shipping from ICHNFM.ORG while paper and digital versions are available from major bookstores such as (also in the UK and in Germany...) and Because the information in this book has already been time-proven via previous publications and extensive peer-review and thousands of citations to authoritative sources, it will not change nor be replaced in the foreseeable future. Any necessary updates will be provided by articles, videos, live webinars, and an extending separate "volume 3" described below.

Sample PDF downloads: ​


Contents: Preamble/Contextualization, Chapters/subsections

  1. Patient Assessments, Laboratory Interpretation, Clinical Concepts, Patient Management, Practice Management and Risk Reduction: This chapter introduces/reviews/updates patient assessments, laboratory interpretation, musculoskeletal emergencies, healthcare paradigms; the common and important conditions hemochromatosis and hypothyroidism are also included in this chapter since these need to be considered on a frequent basis in clinical practice 

  2. Wellness Promotion & Re-Establishing the Foundation for Health: Reviewed here are diet, lifestyle, psychosocial health, and—given the pervasiveness of persistent organic pollutants and their increasingly recognized clinical importance—an introduction to environmental medicine

  3. Basic Concepts and Therapeutics in (Nondrug) Musculoskeletal Care and Integrative Pain Management: Nonpharmacologic management of musculoskeletal problems is preferred over pharmacologic (e.g., NSAID, Coxib, steroid, opioid) management because of the collateral benefits, safety, and cost-effectiveness associated with manual, dietary, botanical, and nutritional treatments. A brief discussion of the current crisis in musculoskeletal medicine is provided for contextualization and emphasis of the importance of expanding clinicians' knowledge of effective nondrug treatments

  4. The Major Modifiable Factors in Sustained Inflammation: Major components of the “Functional Inflammology Protocol” are reviewed here, from concepts and molecular biology to an emphasis on practical clinical applications: A few sections have been printed separately and are thus linked

    1. Food & Basic Nutrition  307

    2. Infections: Dysbiosis / Viral Infections  396 / 540

    3. Nutritional Immunomodulation  609

    4. Dysmetabolism, Mitochondrial Dysfunction/ERS/UPR, and mTOR  622

    5. Special Considerations: Sleep, Sociopsychology, Stress, Surgery  674

    6. Endocrine Imbalances  688

    7. Xenobiotic Immunotoxicity  699

  5. Clinical Applications 

    1. Hypertension  727

    2. Diabetes Mellitus  819

    3. Migraine & Headaches  863 (also published separately)

    4. Fibromyalgia  901 (also published separately)

    5. Allergic Inflammation  984

    6. Rheumatoid Arthritis  1019

    7. Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis  1038

    8. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus  1053

    9. Scleroderma & Systemic Sclerosis  1074

    10. Vasculitic Diseases  1094

    11. Spondyloarthropathies & Reactive Arthritis  1108

    12. Sjögren Syndrome/Disease  1119

    13. Raynaud's Syndrome/Phenomenon/Disorder  1127

    14. Clinical Notes on Additional Conditions: Behçet's Disease, Sarcoidosis, Dermatomyositis and Polymyositis  1131

  6. Index & Appendix (PDF)

Available in one large volume or 2 smaller volumes, in paper or digital ebook for phones, iPads, computers: ​

  • Same content either all together or in 2 volumes: Because Inflammation Mastery 4th Edition is large at nearly 1,200 pages and because the previous version of chapters 1-4 had been published as "volume 1" in 2004, the book was also published separately as two volumes titled Textbook of Clinical Nutrition and Functional Medicine; this was done at the request of the students who use the book in their classes and clinical work and also to respect those who had purchased the previous version of chapters 1-4 and who simply needed to add chapter 5, which is published as volume 2

  • Paper book version: The general consensus is that people learn information at a deeper level when they read paper books because they interact with the material physically, can take notes directly on the page, and can easily flip pages to see other related information.

  • Digital ebook version: The digital ebook version for example via Amazon's Kindle platform allows the owner to read the book on phone, iPad and computer and to make highlights and notes that are synchronized across all devices. The Kindle app is free; download a *free* sample of Inflammation Mastery 4th Edition here via the *free* Kindle software from Amazon.


News and updates: ​

  • Volume 3 which will focus exclusively on dysbiosis and the microbiome and its clinical implications and treatments will be published in 2018 or more likely 2019. The information in this new 3rd volume will be completely new, derived from Dr Vasquez's 30-hour video course Human Microbiome and Dysbiosis in Clinical Disease.

  • See smaller updates and news at Dr Alex Vasquez 's Inflammation Mastery on

Bulk discounts (orders of 5 or more books shipped to the same address) are available for students, book clubs, and study groups by emailing

bottom of page